Analyses comparing microbiota between colonies with singly mated and multiply mated queens.

<p>(A) NMS ordination plot showing the two axes representing most of the variation among honey bee gut communities (N = 20). Samples S5 and S7 were omitted as outliers. (B) Species accumulation curves for the two treatments. Dotted lines indicate confidence intervals (±2 SD) for species and distance curves.</p>