ADA enhances CD83, CD80 and CD86 expression on iDCs.

<p>iDCs, obtained as indicated in the <a href="http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0051287#s2" target="_blank">Materials and Methods</a>, were cultured for 48 h in medium in the absence (−ADA) or in the presence (+ADA) of 2 µM ADA or in the presence of maturating cocktail (mDCs). Expression of CD83 (A and B), CD80 (C and D) or CD86 (E and F) in the DCs gate was assessed by flow cytometry. In A, C and E, histogram overlays and the percentage of positive cells (A and B) or geometric mean (C) for a representative healthy donor and HIV-infected subject are shown. In B, D and F, values obtained from 16 to 19 healthy donors (circles) or 12 to 16 HIV-infected individuals (triangles) in the absence (open symbols) or in the presence (filled symbols) of 2 µM ADA are plotted. Each pair of linked symbols represents results from a particular individual. *<i>P</i><0.05; ***<i>P</i><0.001.</p>