Within-category color discrimination across languages, Study 3.

Across: stimulus pair crosses the native-language boundary; GE: within-category pair, target is the good exemplar; PE: within-category pair, target is the poor exemplar. Empirical data are from Figs 2 (English: 10-second retention interval), 3 (Berinmo), and 4 (Himba) of Hanley and Roberson [36]. Empirical values show mean proportion correct 2AFC memory judgments, and error bars show standard error. Model values show mean model proportion correct 2AFC memory judgments after simulated reconstruction using native-language categories, range-matched as in Fig 7. English model compared with English data: 0.00002 MSE; Berinmo model compared with Berinmo data: 0.00055 MSE; Himba model compared with Himba data: 0.00087 MSE.