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Why Do Simple Molecules with “Isolated” Phenyl Rings Emit Visible Light?

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posted on 24.10.2017 by Haoke Zhang, Xiaoyan Zheng, Ni Xie, Zikai He, Junkai Liu, Nelson L. C. Leung, Yingli Niu, Xuhui Huang, Kam Sing Wong, Ryan T. K. Kwok, Herman H. Y. Sung, Ian D. Williams, Anjun Qin, Jacky W. Y. Lam, Ben Zhong Tang
π-Bonds connected with aromatic rings were generally believed as the standard structures for constructing highly efficient fluorophores. Materials without these typical structures, however, exhibited only low fluorescence quantum yields and emitted in the ultraviolet spectral region. In this work, three molecules, namely bis­(2,4,5-trimethylphenyl)­methane, 1,1,2,2-tetrakis­(2,4,5-trimethylphenyl)­ethane, and 1,1,2,2-tetraphenylethane, with nonconjugated structures and isolated phenyl rings were synthesized and their photophysical properties were systematically investigated. Interestingly, the emission spectra of these three molecules could be well extended to 600 nm with high solid-state quantum yields of up to 70%. Experimental and theoretical analyses proved that intramolecular through-space conjugation between the “isolated” phenyl rings played an important role for this abnormal phenomenon.