Utilization of a patient-centered asthma passport tool in a subspecialty clinic
Introduction: Despite available and effective tools for asthma self-assessment (Asthma Control Test, ACT) and self-management (Asthma Action Plan, AAP), they are underutilized in outpatient specialty clinics. We evaluated the impact of a patient-centered checklist, the Asthma Passport, on improving ACT and AAP utilization in clinic. Methods: This was a randomized, interventional quality-improvement project in which the Asthma Passport was distributed to 120 pediatric asthma patients over the duration of 16 weeks. The passport's checklist consisted of tasks to be completed by the patient/family, including completion of the ACT and AAP. We compared rates of completion of the ACT and AAP for those who received the passport versus the control group, and assessed patient/caregiver and provider satisfaction. Results: Based on electronic medical record data from 222 participants, the ACT completion rate was not significantly different between the passport and control groups, however, the AAP completion rate was significantly greater than control (30.0% vs. 17.7%, p = 0.04). When per-protocol analysis was limited to groups who completed and returned their passports, ACT and AAP completion rates were significantly greater than control (73.8% vs. 44.1% (p = 0.002) and 35.7% vs. 17.7% (p = 0.04), respectively). Nearly all participants reported high satisfaction with care, and surveyed providers viewed the passport favorably. Conclusions: A patient-centered checklist significantly improved the completion rate of the AAP. For patient's who completed and returned the asthma passport, the ACT completion rate was also improved. Participants and providers reported high satisfaction with the checklist, suggesting that it can effectively promote asthma self-management and self-assessment without burdening clinicians or clinic workflow.