USGS Table AHG Parameters And Supplementary Data MannN

2020-02-07T03:05:38Z (GMT) by Afshari, Shahab

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Simplified hydraulic geometry relationships representing the average conditions over longer reaches could reduce the need for detailed field surveys and minimize the computational burden while studying or carrying out numerical analyses and of the flow dynamics.

    Natural streams are characterized by changes in cross-section geometry, slope, and geophysical properties (bed-roughness, channel slope, etc.) along with their reaches. Variations in the shape and size of the channel bed geometry result from several interacting features of the river system including the effect of different flow regimes, slope, sediment load, etc. Simplifying the river bed geometries could reduce the burden of assembling the required data, so implementing less detailed routing procedures could lower the computational burden. “At-A-Station” Hydraulic Geometry (or AHG) relations are power-law functions which relate river key the hydraulics (i.e., velocity, depth, width, and flow area) to discharge at a river monitoring station (Dingman 2007; Dingman and Afshari 2018).

    The AHG relations have been introduced and discussed among researchers, engineers, and geomorphologist since the '50s based upon a limited number of observations made over a few flow monitoring stations across the United States. Afshari et. al., 2017 introduced a data filtering procedure which was trained and tested over both synthetic and realistic data followed by being applied over ~4000 U.S. Geological Survey’s river monitoring stations to compute AHG parameters based upon robust hydraulic vs. discharge measures. Given “refined” dataset, estimated AHG parameters are combined with basic statistics (mean, minimum, maximum, and standard deviation) of key morphological and geophysical features at all USGS river monitoring sites, e.g. stream (Stahler) order, channel pattern (channel sinuosity), channel bed-slope, and channel lateral [or overbank] slope. The fundamental hydraulics, geographical, and geophysical data sources (websites) applied for making the "USGS Table AHG Parameters And Supplementary Data" table are

    Doing so, potential interrelation among independent and dependent variables will be highlighted. Accordingly, given some assumptions, it is verified how well channel morphology and hydraulic components are intertwined and combined with AHG parameters and how categorizing river monitoring stations according to these characteristics will be practical and useful for further studies.


  1. Afshari, S. 2019. USGS Table AHG Parameters And Supplementary Data (Version v1.1) [Data set]. Zenodo.
  2. Afshari, S., B.M. Fekete, S.L. Dingman, N. Devineni, D.M. Bjerklie, and R.M. Khanbilvardi. 2017. "Statistical filtering of river survey and streamflow data for improving At-A-Station hydraulic geometry relations." J. Hydrol. 547: 443–454. doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2017.01.038 
  3. Dingman, S.L., and S. Afshari. 2018. "Field verification of analytical at-a-station hydraulic- geometry relations." J. Hydrol. 564: 859-872. doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2018.07.020
  4. Dingman, S.L. 2007. "Analytical derivation of at-a-station hydraulic geometry relations." J. Hydrol. 334: 17–27