Translated article: Sexual Dysfunctions in Women with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder – a Review Article

2017-05-30T12:15:55Z (GMT) by Pia Bornefeld-Ettmann Regina Steil
<div>Sexual dysfunctions, clinical as well as subclinical, and</div><div>other sexual complaints that accompany aversive emotions,</div><div>cognitions, and sexual risk behavior are very common</div><div>among women after experiences of sexual violence</div><div>and are underestimated as a problem. Anyway, among</div><div>victims of other kinds of traumatic experiences, a high</div><div>prevalence of sexual distress is found as well. Explanatory</div><div>approaches concentrate on learning theory as well</div><div>as the phenomenology of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder</div><div>(PTSD) itself. Sexuality is an important source of vitality,</div><div>and the maintenance of sexual dysfunctions can be accompanied</div><div>by a risk of impairments in quality of life and</div><div>self-esteem as well as relationship problems. Aside clinical</div><div>practice, there is also a lack of knowledge in clinical</div><div>science regarding the association between sexual dysfunctions</div><div>and traumatic experiences, especially sexual</div><div>ones. In this article, the phenomenology and diagnostic</div><div>instruments of female sexual dysfunctions are presented,</div><div>and consequences of sexual violence on sexuality,</div><div>also in the context of PTSD, are further explained. Suggestions</div><div>are being made on how to include suitable interventions</div><div>into therapy.</div>