Three new 2,5-diketopiperazines from the fish intestinal Streptomyces sp. MNU FJ-36

The gut actinobacteria of marine-inhabited fish is one of the most important reservoirs of novel natural products. Currently, the Streptomyces sp. MNU FJ-36 was isolated from the intestinal fabric of Katsuwonus sp. and determined by 16S rRNA analysis. From the cultures of the S. sp. MNU FJ-36, three new 2,5-diketopiperazines (2,5-DKPs) were discovered and identified as 3-(3-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzyl)-6-isobutyl-2,5-diketopiperazine (1), 3-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-ylmethyl)-6-isobutyl-2,5-diketopiperazine (2) and 3-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-ylmethyl)-6-isopropyl-2,5-diketopiperazine (3). Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic data analysis. All the compounds were also evaluated for their inhibitory activity against P388, A-549 and HCT-116 cell lines with the MTT assay.