Texture and Microstructure in Two-Phase Titanium Alloys
This work explores the processing-microstructure-property relationships in two-phase titanium alloys such as Ti-6Al-4V and Ti-5Al-5V-5Mo-3Cr that are used for aerospace applications. For this purpose, an Integrated Computational Materials Engineering approach is used. Microstructure and texture of titanium alloys are characterized using optical microscopy, electron backscatter diffraction and x-ray diffraction. To model their properties, threedimensional synthetic digital microstructures are generated based on experimental characterization data. An open source software package, DREAM.3D, is used to create heterogeneous two-phase microstructures that are statistically representative of two-phase titanium alloys. Both mean-field and full-field crystal plasticity models are used for simulating uniaxial compression at different loading conditions. A viscoplastic self-consistent model is used to match the stress-strain response of the Ti-5553 alloy based on uniaxial compression tests. A physically-based Mechanical Threshold Stress (MTS) model is designed to cover wide ranges of deformation conditions. Uncertainties in the parameters of the MTS model are quantified using canonical correlation analysis, a multivariate global sensitivity analysis technique. An elastoviscoplastic full-field model based on the fast Fourier transform algorithm was used to used to simulate the deformation response at both microscopic and continuum level. The probability distribution of stresses and strains for both the phases in the two-phase material is examined statistically. The effect of changing HCP phase volume fraction and morphology has been explored with the intent of explaining the ow softening behavior in titanium alloys.