Ten key short-term sectoral benchmarks to limit warming to 1.5°C

<p>This article identifies and quantifies the 10 most important benchmarks for climate action to be taken by 2020–2025 to keep the window open for a 1.5°C-consistent GHG emission pathway. We conducted a comprehensive review of existing emissions scenarios, scanned all sectors and the respective necessary transitions, and distilled the most important short-term benchmarks for action in line with the long-term perspective of the required global low-carbon transition. Owing to the limited carbon budget, combined with the inertia of existing systems, global energy economic models find only limited pathways to stay on track for a 1.5°C world consistent with the long-term temperature goal of the Paris Agreement.</p> <p>The identified benchmarks include: </p><p>Sustain the current growth rate of renewables and other zero and low-carbon power generation until 2025 to reach 100% share by 2050;</p><p>No new coal power plants, reduce emissions from existing coal fleet by 30% by 2025;</p><p>Last fossil fuel passenger car sold by 2035–2050;</p><p>Develop and agree on a 1.5°C-consistent vision for aviation and shipping;</p><p>All new buildings fossil-free and near-zero energy by 2020;</p><p>Increase building renovation rates from less than 1% in 2015 to 5% by 2020;</p><p>All new installations in emissions-intensive sectors low-carbon after 2020, maximize material efficiency;</p><p>Reduce emissions from forestry and other land use to 95% below 2010 levels by 2030, stop net deforestation by 2025;</p><p>Keep agriculture emissions at or below current levels, establish and disseminate regional best practice, ramp up research;</p><p>Accelerate research and planning for negative emission technology deployment.</p><p></p> <p>Sustain the current growth rate of renewables and other zero and low-carbon power generation until 2025 to reach 100% share by 2050;</p> <p>No new coal power plants, reduce emissions from existing coal fleet by 30% by 2025;</p> <p>Last fossil fuel passenger car sold by 2035–2050;</p> <p>Develop and agree on a 1.5°C-consistent vision for aviation and shipping;</p> <p>All new buildings fossil-free and near-zero energy by 2020;</p> <p>Increase building renovation rates from less than 1% in 2015 to 5% by 2020;</p> <p>All new installations in emissions-intensive sectors low-carbon after 2020, maximize material efficiency;</p> <p>Reduce emissions from forestry and other land use to 95% below 2010 levels by 2030, stop net deforestation by 2025;</p> <p>Keep agriculture emissions at or below current levels, establish and disseminate regional best practice, ramp up research;</p> <p>Accelerate research and planning for negative emission technology deployment.</p> <p><b>Key policy insights</b></p><p>These benchmarks can be used when designing policy options that are 1.5°C, Paris Agreement consistent.</p><p>They require technology diffusion and sector transformations at a large scale and high speed, in many cases immediate introduction of zero-carbon technologies, not marginal efficiency improvements.</p><p>For most benchmarks we show that there are signs that the identified needed transitions are possible: in some specific cases it is already happening.</p><p></p> <p>These benchmarks can be used when designing policy options that are 1.5°C, Paris Agreement consistent.</p> <p>They require technology diffusion and sector transformations at a large scale and high speed, in many cases immediate introduction of zero-carbon technologies, not marginal efficiency improvements.</p> <p>For most benchmarks we show that there are signs that the identified needed transitions are possible: in some specific cases it is already happening.</p>