Targeting FtsZ for Antituberculosis Drug Discovery:  Noncytotoxic Taxanes as Novel Antituberculosis Agents

Screening of 120 taxanes identified a number of compounds that exhibited significant antituberculosis activity. Rational optimization of selected compounds led to the discovery that the C-seco-taxane-multidrug-resistance (MDR) reversal agents (C-seco-TRAs) are noncytotoxic at the upper limit of solubility and detection (>80 μM), while maintaining MIC99 values of 1.25−2.5 μM against drug-resistant and drug-sensitive strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB). Treatment of MTB cells with TRA 3aa and 10a at the MIC caused filamentation and prolongation of the cells, a phenotypic response to FtsZ inactivation.