THE RELATION AMONG THE PHYSICAL ACTIVITY LEVEL DURING LEISURE TIME, ANTHROPOMETRY, BODY COMPOSITION, AND PHYSICAL FITNESS OF WOMEN UNDERWENT OF BARIATRIC SURGERY AND AN EQUIVALENT GROUP WITH NO SURGERY
ABSTRACT Background: Bariatric surgery is an alternative to the obesity treatment. Aim: To compare anthropometric variables such as body composition and physical fitness of those who performed Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Methods: Were evaluated 108 women. They were subdivided in three groups: those who performed the bariatric surgery by private health insurance (SAS, n=36); by the public health care (SUS, n=36), and an equivalent group which did not perform the surgery (NO, n=36). Were performed physical fitness, anthropometric and body composition tests. Was evaluated the level of physical activity during the leisure period. Results: Statistically significant differences were observed between the groups sedentary operated (n=28) and sedentary non-operated (n=13) on anthropometry and fat percentage, being the highest indexes in the group operated. Conclusion: The level of physical activity showed a positive influence related to anthropometric variables, body composition of the individuals who performed the bariatric surgery when compared to the ones non-operated.