Synthesis of Highly Branched Sulfur−Nitrogen Heterocycles by Cascade Cycloadditions of [1,2]Dithiolo[1,4]thiazines and [1,2]Dithiolopyrroles
2004-05-28T00:00:00Z (GMT) by
We report the synthesis of some new polysulfur−nitrogen heterocycles by cascade cycloadditions to readily available polycyclic 1,2-dithiole-3-thiones. Thus, treatment of bis[1,2]dithiolopyrrole dithione 1 with dimethyl acetylenedicarboxylate (DMAD) or dibenzoylacetylene (DBA) gave the 1:4 adducts 2a,b and 3a. On the other hand, cycloaddition of bis[1,2]dithiolo[1,4]thiazine dithiones 4a−d with the same dipolarophiles gave the 1:2, 1:3, or 1:4 adducts 5a−c, 6a, 7a, 8a, 9a, and 10a,c,d selectively in fair to high yields. Reaction conditions were crucial for achievement of selectivity in thermal reactions. Catalysis by scandium triflate was used in the reaction of 4a and 2 equiv of DMAD. Treatment of the [1,2]dithiolo[1,4]thiazine dithione 11 with DBA gave the 1:2, 1:3 (two isomers), and 1:4 adducts 12−14 and 15a−d selectively. Cyclic voltammetry of selected examples showed irreversible processes that were not influenced by peripheral groups bonded to the heterocyclic system.