Synergistic Effect of Adsorption and Enzymatic Conversion in the Bisphenol-A Removal by Laccase Immobilized on Poly(glycidyl methacrylate-co-ethyleneglycol dimethacrylate)

<div><p>Carriers with different functional groups (epoxy, aldehyde, ethyldiazonium, phenyldiazonium and amino) were tested for immobilization of T. versicolor laccase on GMA-co-EGDMA (glycidyl methacrylate-co-ethyleneglycol dimethacrylate) microspheres. Laccase immobilized on GMA-co-EGDMA containing the phenyldiazonium functional group showed the highest activity (96.3 U g-1). The immobilized laccase was used for removal of bisphenol-A (BPA) from aqueous solution. The temperature effect was significant on activity, but insignificant on BPA removal by the immobilized laccase. In the temperature range 10-60 °C, the removal of BPA by laccase in the immobilized form was about four times higher than that in the free form. Swelling does not affect the activity of immobilized laccase, but after 8 cycles of 2,2’-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS) oxidation, non-swollen immobilized laccase was able to retain 71% of the starting activity while the 24 h swollen kept 61%. At neutral pH, adsorption onto the immobilized laccase accounted for 92% of the BPA removed while enzymatic conversion accounted for 8%. However, when increasing the pH to 10, the fraction of BPA removed by adsorption decreased to 67% and by enzymatic conversion increased to 33%.</p></div>