Electronic supplementary material from Clever mothers balance time and effort in parental care: a study on free-ranging dogs

ESM1: Ethogram of mother-pup interactions ESM2: Details of the linear mixed effect model that shows the effect of pup age and their current littersize on the proportion of time spent in total care by the mother. ESM 3: Details of the linear mixed effect model that shows the effect of pup age and their current littersize on the proportion of time spent in active care by the mother. ESM 4: Details of the linear mixed effect model that shows the effect of pup age and their current litter size on the active care received per pup. ESM5: Details of the linear mixed effect model that shows the effect of pup age and their current littersize on the proportion of time spent in passive care by the mother. ESM6: Details of the linear mixed effect model that shows the effect of pup age and their current littersize on rate of care received by individual pups.