Supplementary Material for: Treatment of Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis with the Combination of Infliximab and High-Dose Intravenous Immunoglobulin
2012-05-03T00:00:00Z (GMT) by
<b><i>Background:</i></b> Therapeutic evidence for toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is indicative for high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin yet inconclusive for corticosteroids. <b><i>Objective:</i></b> To describe the combination of corticosteroids, infliximab and a high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin course for TEN. <b><i>Patients and Methods:</i></b> In three patients (SCORTEN survival probabilities: 41.7%, 64.2%, 41.7%) disease control was evaluated by (a) employing quantitative image analysis to measure progression of skin detachment and (b) patients’ outcome (complete re-epithelization). Published cases of TEN treatments with infliximab were retrieved from PubMed. <b><i>Results:</i></b> Within 48 h skin disease progression was arrested in all patients. Two patients were discharged after 3 weeks without any sequels from skin or conjunctivae. One patient passed away on the ninth day, however with noticeably improved skin (mortality rate: 33% observed vs. 50% expected). A PubMed search retrieved five TEN patients treated successfully with infliximab. <b><i>Conclusion:</i></b> The described combination presents a feasible therapeutic alternative for TEN that warrants further evaluation.