Supplementary Material for: The c.7409G>A (p.Cys2470Tyr) Variant of <b><i>FBN1</i></b>: Phenotypic Variability across Three Generations

Marfan syndrome is an autosomal dominant connective tissue disorder caused by mutations in the fibrillin gene <i>FBN1</i>, which encodes an extracellular matrix glycoprotein. Major features of Marfan syndrome occur in the ocular, cardiovascular, and skeletal systems as well as in the dura mater. Approximately 60% of known disease-causing mutations are missense mutations of single amino acid residues. Effects on the cardiovascular system are classically associated with mutations in exons 24-32 of the 65 <i>FBN1</i> exons and many, though not all, reports associate missense mutations in exons 59-65 with a mild cardiovascular phenotype. Here we present 5 related individuals among whom a c.7409G>A (p.Cys2470Tyr) missense variant in exon 59 of <i>FBN1</i> is associated with significant cardiovascular features. The index case also had an apparently de novo 46,XX,del(5)(q33.1q33.3) deletion on chromosome 5. This family demonstrates skeletal, dermatological and neurological features consistent with Marfan syndrome but lacks significant ophthalmological findings to date. These findings suggest that <i>FBN1</i> C-terminal missense mutations may not confer the ophthalmological features of Marfan syndrome, but they also confer a more significant risk for cardiovascular pathology than that suggested by previous studies. Furthermore, clinical data from this family supports the previously reported association of dural ectasia with C-terminal mutations.