Supplementary Material for: The Role of Autologous Platelet Concentrates in Alveolar Socket Preservation: A Systematic Review

Prevention of alveolar bone resorption after tooth extraction may be useful for implant rehabilitation of the edentulous site minimizing the future need for bone augmentation procedures. A number of studies have investigated the efficacy of autologous platelet concentrates for the preservation of the alveolar bone volume after tooth extraction. Although encouraging results have been published, the available data are still controversial. The aim of the present systematic review was to assess the effect of platelet concentrates on alveolar socket preservation after tooth extraction. A literature search was carried out up to September 2017 for prospective controlled trials in which a test group using exclusively a platelet concentrate was compared with a control group in which extraction sockets were left to heal spontaneously. Seven controlled clinical trials published between 2010 and 2016 were included. A total of 320 extractions (170 tests and 150 controls) in 190 patients was considered. A great heterogeneity was found in terms of study design, methodological aspects, and outcome evaluation. For this reason, a quantitative analysis followed by meta-analysis was not possible, and only a descriptive analysis on the role of platelet concentrates in alveolar socket preservation was carried out. There is growing evidence that platelet concentrates may be advantageously used in postextraction sites, mainly to improve soft tissue healing and to reduce postoperative symptoms. Data about their potential in preserving the alveolar bone volume are still scarce and controversial, although recently encouraging results have been presented using more reliable and accurate evaluation technologies, such as the computed tomography. Further, well-designed and methodologically standardized investigations are strongly demanded to reach a higher level of evidence on this topic. <br>