Supplementary Material for: Synthesis of Methoxy-X04 Derivatives and Their Evaluation in Alzheimer's Disease Pathology

Background: Alzheimer's disease is characterized by two notorious protein aggregates in the brain: extracellular senile plaques mainly consisting of amyloid-β peptides and tau-protein-derived intracellular paired helical filaments. The diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease is impaired by insufficient sensitivity and specificity of diagnostic methods to visualize these pathological hallmarks over all disease stages. Objective: The established fluorescence marker methoxy-X04 stains plaques, tau tangles and amyloid-derived angiopathies with good specificity, yet it is limited by slow elimination in vivo. Since the need for new markers is high, we prepared methoxy-X04 derivatives and evaluated their potential as imaging agents in Alzheimer's disease pathology. Methods and Results: In this study, we describe an improved synthesis for methoxy-X04 and its derivatives and their affinity determination for the respective protein targets by immunohistology and a displacement assay. Conclusion: This resulted in the identification of new derivatives of methoxy-X04 with improved binding affinity.