Supplementary Material for: Practice of the Treatment of Milk Allergy in the UK: A National Audit

<b><i>Background:</i></b> The management of cow's milk allergy (CMA) includes initial dairy exclusion with suitable dietary substitution, diagnostic challenges where indicated, and supervised re-introduction as the condition resolves. Information on clinician practice is limited. We audited the current practice of clinicians in the UK to evaluate adherence to international guidelines. <b><i>Methods:</i></b> An online questionnaire was sent to all clinicians whose practice included children identified on the national allergy society website. One hundred and sixty questionnaires were sent and 116 (73%) responded. <b><i>Results:</i></b> Skin prick tests were more commonly used than serum-specific IgE as diagnostic tests. Respective proportions selecting amino acid formulas (AAF) or extensively hydrolysed formulas (EHF) in severe versus mild/moderate presentations were 78 and 40% versus 20 and 88%; soya formula was the first choice in 8.6 and 24%. The criteria for selection of AAF as the first choice were predominantly severe IgE-mediated and non-IgE-mediated reactions, failure to thrive and if infants refused EHF. Oral challenges might be used to diagnose CMA in 69%, whereas nearly 90% performed challenges to assess tolerance. Most of these were open challenges, more commonly with fresh milk (90%) than baked milk (60%). Home baked milk challenges were frequently considered (70%), although only after consideration of the clinical scenario. Practice did not vary with experience. <b><i>Conclusions:</i></b> Current practice amongst UK clinicians of the management of CMA is broadly in line with current guidance, particularly the positioning of hypoallergenic milks as substitute milk choices. A notable deviation was the use of home baked milk challenges or re-introduction.