Supplementary Material for: Interaction Study of the Male Specific Lethal (MSL) Complex and Trans-Acting Dosage Effects in Metafemales of Drosophila melanogaster

2009-06-25T00:00:00Z (GMT) by Sun X. Birchler J.A.
The effect of ectopic expression of male specific lethal 2 (msl2) on chromatin modification and gene expression was studied in Drosophila diploid females and metafemales (3X;2A). Results show that ectopic expression of MSL2 in transgenic msl2 females and metafemales sequesters the MOF histone acetylase to the X, which occurs concordantly with an increase of histone acetylation. Gene expression studies indicate that the X-linked genes are not affected by direct targeting of the MSL complex and the resulting increased H4Lys16 acetylation on the X chromosomes, suggesting one function of the MSL complex is to nullify the effect of a high level of histone acetylation. These results are not consistent with the hypothesis that the presence of the MSL complex conditions a two-fold upregulation. Autosomal gene expression is generally decreased in ectopically expressed MSL2 females, which correlates with the reduced autosomal histone acetylation. Metafemales show dosage compensation of X-linked genes with some autosomal reductions in expression. Interestingly, in metafemales with ectopically expressed MSL2, the autosomal expression is returned to a more normal level. There is a lower autosomal level of histone acetylation compared to the normal metafemales, suggesting a nullifying effect on the negative dosage effect of the X chromosome as previously hypothesized to occur in normal males.