Supplementary Material for: Genomic structure and transcript variants of the bovine DAZL gene

The Deleted in AZoospermia Like (DAZL) gene is a member of the DAZ family and encodes an RNA-binding protein that is expressed in prenatal and postnatal germ cells of males and females. In the human, there are five highly-related members in the DAZ family, four (DAZ1–4) on the Y chromosome and one (DAZL) on an autosome (HSA3). Mutations in these genes have been linked to severe spermatogenic failure and infertility in men. In the present study, we have cloned and characterized the bovine DAZL (bDAZL) gene. The full-length bDAZL cDNA is predicted to encode a protein of 295 amino acids with an RNA recognition motif. The deduced protein sequence of bDAZL is 96 and 97% similar to human and mouse DAZL, respectively. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) maps bDAZL to the distal region on BTA1q. The bDAZL gene consists of 11 exons and 10 introns. A bDAZL pseudogene was identified on BTA16. Expression analysis of bDAZL in 13 different tissues by RT-PCR shows that two transcripts, variant 1 (2,996 bp) and variant 2 (1,373 bp), of the bDAZL gene are detected only in testis mRNA. The variants probably result from alternative RNA splicing as variant 1 contains an additional 1,623-bp insertion in the 3′ UTR. Our results lay the groundwork for possible single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and functional studies of the DAZL gene in cattle.

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