Supplementary Material for:Effect of Cardiac Surgery-Associated Acute Kidney Injury on Long-Term Outcomes of Chinese Patients: A Historical Cohort Study

<i>Background/Aims:</i> To evaluate the long-term outcomes of Chinese patients with cardiac surgery-associated acute kidney injury (CSA-AKI). <i>Methods:</i> Patients who underwent cardiac surgery with a median 3-year follow-up were enrolled. The long-term survival rate and the incidence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) were recorded, and related risk factors were analyzed. <i>Results:</i> Of all 1,363 patients, 457 (33.5%) developed CSA-AKI. The AKI patients had a lower 3-year survival rate (88.8 vs. 97.2%, respectively, <i>p</i> < 0.001) and a higher incidence of CKD stages 3-5 (9.9 vs. 2.3%, respectively, <i>p</i> < 0.001) than the non-AKI patients. Cox regression analysis showed that AKI, atrial fibrillation, chronic cardiac insufficiency, longer surgical duration, respiratory failure after surgery, and longer mechanical ventilation time were associated with long-term mortality, while AKI, older age, and lower baseline kidney function were associated with incident CKD stages 3-5. <i>Conclusion:</i> CSA-AKI increased the risk of 3-year mortality and incident CKD stages 3-5.