Supplementary Material for: EIF2C Is Overexpressed and Amplified in Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

<i>Aim:</i> To discover putative oncogenes in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) by integrating data from whole-genome comparison of array-based comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) and expression microarray analysis of HNSCC. <i>Methods:</i> We integrated published data defining regions of loss/gain identified from the profiling of 21 HNSCC using high-resolution (<1 Mb) CGH arrays and data from an mRNA expression microarray (approx. 12,000 genes) comparing 6 normal tissues and 8 HNSCC tumor tissues. Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2C subunit 2<i> (EIF2C2)</i> was found to be the most significantly overexpressed gene by mRNA expression array, and corresponded to the most common region of amplification found by the CGH array described by Sparano et al. We validated <i>EIF2C2</i> overexpression in primary tissue, overexpression and amplification in HNSCC lines (JHU-011, JHU-012, FADU) relative to a minimally transformed oral keratinocyte cell line (OKF6) and performed knockdown experiments. <i>Results:</i> The tumor tissues had an average mRNA expression level of 123 (SD = 49) compared to the normal tissues (18.6, SD = 10) (p = 0.0005) by expression array. Quantitative RT-PCR validation of our expression arrays found that normal tissues had an average expression of 0.76 (SE = 0.08) and tumor tissues of 2.1 (SE = 0.35) (p = 0.0008). <i>EIF2C2</i> was found to be amplified and overexpressed in 3 HNSCC cell lines. Knockdown of <i>EIF2C2</i> in cell lines (JHU-012 and JHU-011) inhibited proliferation. <i>Conclusion:</i><i>EIF2C2</i> is amplified and overexpressed in HNSCC cell lines and primary tumors and functionally significant in cell lines.