Supplementary Material for: Different Genetic Expression Profiles of Oxidative Stress and Apoptosis-Related Genes in Crohn’s Disease

<b><i>Background/Aims:</i></b> Increased oxidative stress and decreased immune cell apoptosis have been reported to be important factors in the pathogenesis of Crohn’s disease (CD). Our aim was to characterize the genetic expression of molecules implicated in the regulation of oxidative stress and apoptosis in peripheral white mononuclear cells of 18 healthy volunteers (controls) and 20 patients at the onset of CD (active CD [aCD]): 10 who achieved remission (inactive CD [iCD]) and 10 who did not present a complete and deep response to treatment (aCD-T). <b><i>Methods:</i></b> mRNA expression was measured by the Agena MassARRAY quantitative gene expression analysis application. The genes analyzed were Fas-receptor (FASR), Fas-ligand (FASL), signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1), nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-­enhancer of activated B cells (NFKB1), apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 (ASK1), serine/threonine-protein kinase H1 (PSKH1), ATP-binding cassette sub-family B1 (ABCB1) and peptidylprolyl isomerase D (PPID). <b><i>Results:</i></b> During a CD flare, we found specific upregulated expression of the genes STAT1 and PSKH1, whereas ABCB1 and FASL were downregulated. In the patients with iCD, FASR and NFKB1 were upregulated. The expression levels of NFKB1, STAT1 and ABCB1 did not show any difference in patients with aCD at the onset of the disease and after treatment (aCD-T). The expression levels of PPID and ASK1 did not show any differences in the patients with aCD, iCD and the controls. We have also reviewed the cellular function and role of these genes in CD. <b><i>Conclusions:</i></b> These findings contribute to improving the understanding of the pathogenesis of CD and highlight potential genes involved.