Supplementary Material for: Component-Resolved Diagnosis of Peanut Allergy and Its Possible Origins of Sensitization in China

2016-05-31T00:00:00Z (GMT) by Ma S. Nie L. Li H. Wang R. Yin J.
<b><i>Background:</i></b> Clinical and immunological characteristics of food allergies vary depending on geographic regions. Little is known about peanut allergy in China. The aim of this study was to investigate the peanut sensitization profile in China. <b><i>Methods:</i></b> Thirty-eight participants with immunoglobulin E (IgE)-positive responses to peanuts (peanut-sensitized) were included in our study, and clinical characteristics were evaluated. Total and specific IgE reactivity against peanuts, other plant-derived foods, pollens, and related allergen components were determined. <b><i>Results:</i></b> Eighteen patients were symptomatic when exposed to peanuts. The majority of them presented with systemic reactions. More than half of the peanut-sensitized subjects also suffered from mugwort pollinosis and peach allergy. In patients with both peanut and peach allergies, reactions to peanuts were the same as or severer than those to peaches. Positivity rates of IgE response to rAra h 1-3, 8, and 9 in the peanut allergy group were 5.6, 11.1, 5.6, 22.2, and 83.3%, respectively. 66.7% (12/18) of the peanut-allergic patients were monosensitized to rAra h 9. Anti-nArt v 3 [mugwort nonspecific lipid transfer protein (nsLTP)] IgE positivity in the peanut allergy group was significantly higher than that in the asymptomatic peanut-sensitized group. In Ara h 9 (peanut nsLTP)-sensitized patients with mugwort pollinosis, anti-nArt v 3 IgE levels were remarkably higher than anti-rAra h 9 (peanut nsLTP) IgE levels as well as anti-Pru p 3 (peach nsLTP) IgE levels. <b><i>Conclusions:</i></b> Ara h 9 was the major allergen of peanut, and Ara h 9 monosensitization was the most common peanut sensitization pattern in our population. Furthermore, there was a strong correlation between peanut sensitization and mugwort pollinosis, as well as peach allergy, in our country.