Supplementary Material for: Bronchogenic Stress Cardiomyopathy: A Case Series

2015-01-20T00:00:00Z (GMT) by Rajwani A. Adam Z. Hall J.A.
Despite a growing awareness of stress (takotsubo) cardiomyopathy, the diversity in precipitants beyond emotional distress remains under-appreciated. Emerging data implicate a differential influence of precipitant type on the variable presentations of stress cardiomyopathy. We outline 5 cases of stress cardiomyopathy where the precipitant was an acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease treated with high-dose bronchodilator therapy. In this setting, an atypical and insidious presentation of the stress cardiomyopathy was consistently observed that was difficult to distinguish from the acute airway exacerbation itself, with an absence of chest pain in particular. Scrutiny of published single-case reports reveals a similar atypical presentation; this supports the existence of a novel bronchogenic subgroup of stress cardiomyopathy. A key role of repeat ECG evaluation in distinguishing protracted but uncomplicated bronchospasm from bronchogenic stress cardiomyopathy is highlighted. Further data are now required to examine whether high-dose β-agonist therapy is implicated in this association.