Supplementary Material for: Association between Montreal Cognitive Assessment Sub-Item Scores and Corresponding Cognitive Test Performance in Patients with Frontotemporal Dementia and Related Disorders

<p>The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), a brief screening test developed to detect patients with mild cognitive impairment, is used in clinical settings across North America [Nasreddine et al.: J Am Geriatr Soc 2005;53:695-699]. The MoCA has been demonstrated to be sensitive to cognitive deficits in frontotemporal dementias (FTD) and related disorders [Coleman et al.: Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord 2016;30:258-263]. Given attentional impairments in patients with FTD, whether and to what extent the abbreviated items on the MoCA may predict performance on corresponding assessments is not known. Testing and demographic data were extracted from a clinical database using a sample of 91 patients with FTD and related disorders. The relationship between MoCA items and corresponding neuropsychological tasks was assessed through McNemar tests and Spearman correlations. While some MoCA items such as letter fluency, orientation, and clock drawing were strongly correlated with the corresponding standard cognitive test, the MoCA trails were insensitive to impairment compared to the full Trail Making B Test (<i>p</i> = 0.01). In contrast, MoCA naming and delayed recall sub-items detected cognitive impairment more frequently than available comparison tests. The MoCA is a sensitive screening measure to detect impairment in patients with FTD and related disorders, but cognitive deficits specific to FTD result in differential performance on MoCA items compared to longer standard cognitive tests.</p>