Supplementary Material for: Analysis of Four Genes Involved in the Neurodevelopment Shows Association of rs4307059 Polymorphism in the Cadherin 9/10 Region with Completed Suicide

Background: We hypothesized that DNA variants affecting neurodevelopment such as rs4307059 (CDH10/CDH9), rs930752 (NRXN1), rs6265 (BDNF) or rs10868235 (NTRK2) may predispose to completed suicide. Methodology: We used a case-control two-stage approach based on a discovery cohort (557 cases and ∼550 controls) and replication cohort (159 cases and 186 controls). The suicides were ascertained as consecutive cases autopsied at the Department of Forensic Medicine, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland. Results: In the discovery cohort we found an association between suicide and the CC genotype in the rs4307059 polymorphism (OR 1.64, p = 0.012). The trend for an overrepresentation of the CC homozygotes among suicides was replicated in the second cohort (OR 1.97, p = 0.056). Analysis in the pooled cohorts showed that rs4307059 CC was associated with completed suicide (OR 1.71, p = 0.002) also after Bonferroni correction (pcor. = 0.024). In an exploratory search for genotype-phenotype correlation we found that males with the rs4307059 CC genotype committed suicide earlier than those with CT/TT genotypes (p = 0.049). Conclusions: The CC genotype of rs4307059 located in the region between CDH9 and CDH10 is associated with completed suicide in a Polish cohort.