Supplementary Material for: A “Prozone-Like” Effect Influences the Efficacy of the Monoclonal Antibody ABT-700 against the Hepatocyte Growth Factor Receptor

<p>ABT-700 is a therapeutic antibody against the hepatocyte growth factor receptor (MET). At doses or regimens that lead to exposures exceeding optimum in vivo, the efficacy of ABT-700 is unexpectedly reduced. We hypothesized that this reduction in efficacy was due to a “prozone-like” effect in vivo. A prozone-like effect, which is a reduction in efficacy beyond optimum exposure, is caused due a mechanism similar to the generation of false negative flocculation tests by excessive antibody titres. In vitro, we demonstrate that at higher ABT-700 concentrations, this “prozone-like” effect is mediated by a progressive conversion from bivalent to ineffective monovalent binding of the antibody. In vivo, the efficacy of ABT-700 is dependent on an optimum range of exposure as well. Our data suggest that the “prozone-like” effect is operative and independent of target expression. ABT-700 dose, regimen, exposure, and tumor burden are interdependent variables influencing the “prozone-like” effect and mediating and in vivo efficacy. By optimization of dosage and regimen we demonstrate that the “prozone-like” effect can be alleviated and ABT-700 efficacy at varying tumor loads can be further extended in combination with cisplatin. Our results suggest that optimization of exposure taking tumor burden into account may alleviate “prozone-like” effects without compromising efficacy.</p>