Supplementary Material for: A Population-Based Prospective 24-Month Study of Stroke: Incidence and 30-Day Case-Fatality Rates of First-Ever Strokes in Croatia
2012-03-29T00:00:00Z (GMT) by
<i>Background:</i> In Central/Eastern European countries, cerebrovascular diseases are among the leading causes of mortality. We aimed to determine the incidence of first-ever stroke (FES) in the north-western part of Croatia. <i>Methods:</i> A population-based prospective incidence study was conducted between July 1, 2007, and June 30, 2009. Cases were sought from multiple overlapping sources. Incidence rates by stroke type and gender were calculated. <i>Results:</i> A total of 1,487 events were recorded, 1,017 of which were FESs. European age-adjusted incidence rates (per 100,000 population) were: total FESs 223.6 [women/men rate ratio (w/m RR) = 0.65 (95% CI 0.57–0.73)]; ischemic stroke 162.4 (w/m RR = 0.65, 0.56–0.76); intracerebral hemorrhage 28.4 (w/m RR = 0.44, 0.30–0.63); subarachnoid hemorrhage 7.2 (w/m RR = 1.18, 0.55–2.54); unknown etiology 25.5 (w/m RR = 0.78, 0.54–1.14). Adjusted incidence rates of ischemic strokes by subtype were: cardioembolic 52.9 (w/m RR = 0.77, 0.59–0.99); large-artery atherosclerosis 14.4 (w/m RR = 0.22, 0.13–0.38); small-artery occlusion 24.5 (w/m RR = 0.53, 0.37–0.77) and ‘other or uncertain causes’ 70.6 (w/m RR = 0.77, 0.62–0.97). Thirty-day case-fatality rate was 23.5% overall and 17.1% for ischemic stroke. <i>Conclusions:</i> The incidence of FES and 30-day mortality of patients with ischemic strokes in the studied population is higher than in Western European countries.