Supplementary Material for: A Modified Nerve-Sparing Panhysterectomy for Benign Uterine Diseases: Techniques and Evaluation of Postoperative Pelvic Dysfunctions

<b><i>Objective:</i></b> To describe a modified nerve-sparing panhysterectomy and to investigate the feasibility and impact of this nerve-sparing technique in improving postoperative pelvic visceral dysfunctions of benign uterine disease patients. <b><i>Methods:</i></b> From January 2008 to January 2010, a total of 300 patients diagnosed with benign uterine diseases at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University were enrolled. Of those, 150 randomly selected patients underwent modified panhysterectomy (research group), while the other 150 patients underwent conventional panhysterectomy (control group). The surgery-related parameters, including operation time, intraoperative blood loss, length of hospital stay, postoperative indwelling catheter time, and first voiding and defecation time were compared between the two groups. The extent of nerve damage in both groups was examined using the nerve-specific marker S-100 via immunohistochemistry. Besides, postoperative assessments of bladder and bowel functions were conducted within 1 year after the operation. <b><i>Results:</i></b> The surgery-related parameters in the two groups showed no significant difference (p > 0.05). Immunohistochemistry results showed significantly reduced damage of the nerves in the research group. We also found a better bladder and bowel function in the research group (p < 0.05) and in younger patients (p < 0.05) compared with that in the control group. Recovery trends of the bladder and bowel function were found in both groups (χ<sup>2</sup> = 7.512, p = 0.006 in the research group; χ<sup>2</sup> = 7.299, p = 0.007 in the control group). <b><i>Conclusion:</i></b> Modified panhysterectomy for benign uterine diseases seems feasible and safe, with the main advantage of improving postoperative urocystic and rectal dysfunctions through the preservation of the pelvic autonomic nerves.