Sulforaphene attenuates multinucleation of pre-osteoclasts by suppressing expression of cell–cell fusion-associated genes DC-STAMP, OC-STAMP, and Atp6v0d2

We assessed the effect of sulforaphene (SFE) on osteoclast differentiation. SFE significantly decreased the number of RANKL-induced tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase-positive cells and suppressed pre-osteoclast multinucleation. Furthermore, SFE downregulated mRNA expression of DC-STAMP, OC-STAMP, and Atp6v0d2, which encode cell–cell fusion molecules. Our data suggest that SFE attenuates pre-osteoclast multinucleation via suppression of cell–cell fusion.