Silica-supported perchloric acid and potassium bisulfate as reusable green catalysts for nitration of aromatics under solvent-free microwave conditions

Silica-supported perchloric acid and bisulfate (SiO2/HClO4 and SiO2/KHSO4) have been developed as reusable green catalysts for nitration of aromatic compounds using NaNO2 in acetonitrile medium under conventional and solvent-free microwave conditions. The reaction times under microwave irradiation are significantly shorter than conventional method even though the yields obtained in microwave-assisted reactions are comparable with those obtained under reflux conditions.