Screening of medicinal plants traditionally used in Peruvian Amazon for <i>in vitro</i> antioxidant and anticancer potential

<p>Plants mentioned in this study have numerous records in traditional Peruvian medicine being used in treatment of cancer and other diseases likely to be associated with oxidative stress. Amongst the eight plant species tested, only <i>Dysphania ambrosioides</i> exhibited combinatory antioxidant and anti-proliferative effect on a broad spectrum of cancer cells (DPPH and ORAC values = 80.6 and 687.3 μg TE/mg extract, respectively; IC<sub>50</sub> against Caco-2, HT-29 and Hep-G2 = 129.2, 69.9 and 130.6, respectively). Alkaloids and phenolic compounds might significantly contribute to anticancer/antioxidant activity of this plant. The results justify the traditional medicinal use of this plant. Our findings further suggest that <i>D. ambrosioides</i> might serve as a prospective material for further development of novel plant-based antioxidant and/or anti-proliferative agents. Detailed analysis of chemical composition together with toxicology assessments and <i>in vivo</i> antioxidant/anti-proliferative activity of this plant should be carried out in order to verify its potential practical use.</p>