Screening for platelet function disorders with Multiplate and platelet function analyzer

<p>Light transmission aggregation (LTA) is the gold standard for the diagnosis of platelet function disorders (PFDs), but it is time-consuming and limited to specialized laboratories. Whole-blood impedance aggregometry (Multiplate) and platelet function analyzer (PFA) may be used as rapid screening tools to exclude PFDs. The aim of this study is to assess the diagnostic performance of Multiplate and PFA for PFDs, as detected by LTA.Data from preoperative patients, patients referred to the hematologist for bleeding evaluation, and patients with a diagnosed bleeding disorder were used. PFDs were defined as ≥2 abnormal LTA curves. Diagnostic performance of Multiplate and PFA for detecting PFDs was expressed as sensitivity and specificity. The ability of Multiplate agonists and PFA kits to detect corresponding LTA curve abnormalities was expressed as area under the receiver operating characteristic curve.</p> <p>Prevalence of PFDs was 16/335 (4.8%) in preoperative patients, 10/54 (18.5%) in referred patients, and 3/25 (12%) in patients with a diagnosed bleeding disorder. In preoperative and referred patients, the sensitivity of Multiplate and PFA for detecting mild PFDs varied between 0% and 40% and AUCs for detecting corresponding LTA curve abnormalities were close to 0.50. In patients with a diagnosed bleeding disorder, both assays could detect Glanzmann thrombasthenia (GT) with sensitivity of 100% and AUCs of 0.70–1.00.</p> <p>Multiplate and PFA cannot discriminate between preoperative and referred patients with and without mild PFDs, meaning that they cannot be used as screening tests to rule out mild PFDs in these populations. Both Multiplate and PFA can detect GT in previously diagnosed patients.</p>