Safety and Feasibility Study of a Novel Stent-Graft for Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Repair: a Canine Model Experiment

<div><p>Abstract Objective: To evaluate the safety and feasibility of a novel stent-graft for thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) in a canine model, 9 adult hybrid dogs were used for the experiment. Methods: All animals were implanted with a novel thoracic aortic stent-graft via femoral artery. Blood sample was collected at pre-operation and 1, 2, 4, 8 and 12 weeks after implantation for hematological examination. Moreover, tissues from randomly selected 4 dogs were subjected to histopathological analysis with the optical microscope after stent-grafts were implanted for 3, 6, 9, and 12 months respectively. The experimental period lasted for more than 2 years. Results: A total of 9 stent-grafts were successfully implanted in the canine thoracic aortas and no migration or deformation occurred. Related indicators of blood routine, inflammatory factors, and immunology changes were not significantly (P>0.05), except the white blood cell (WBC) counts in the first week. Moreover, abnormal morphology was not found in all thoracic aortas via histopathological examination. Additionally, all stent-grafts were patent and did not migrate, and there was no thrombus in the lumens of stent-grafts. Conclusion: The novel thoracic aortic stent-graft made in China was safe and feasible for thoracic endovascular aortic repair in a canine model.</p></div>