SOIL ORGANIC MATTER FRACTIONS UNDER SECOND-ROTATION EUCALYPTUS PLANTATIONS IN EASTERN RIO GRANDE DO SUL

<div><p>ABSTRACT The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of eucalyptus plantations on total organic C (TOC) and total N (TN) stocks as well as the C and N in the fulvic acid (FA), humic acid (HA), humin (HU), light organic matter (LOM) and microbial biomass (MB) fractions in soils with different textures in the eastern part of the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Soil samples were collected from the 0-10-cm, 10-20-cm, 20-40-cm, 40-60-cm and 60-100-cm soil layers in a completely randomized experimental design with subdivided plots. Under the eucalyptus plantation, clay loam soil presented lower HA, HU and MB C stocks in the 0-100-cm soil layer compared to reference vegetation, whereas sandy soil presented higher and C and N in HA and LOM as well as C in MB. The observed increase in TOC in eucalyptus plantations was more pronounced in the surface soil layer (0-10 cm), i.e., approximately 150% higher than under native vegetation, which was probably due to the high contribution of the eucalyptus litter. Differences in C and N stocks in soil organic matter (SOM) fractions between eucalyptus plantations and areas with reference vegetation were more pronounced in sandy soil, showing the capacity of the clay fraction to protect SOM.</p></div>