SOIL MESO- AND MACROFAUNA IN TWO SOYBEAN CROPS AFTER SWINE WASTEWATER APPLICATION
ABSTRACT Hog raising generates a large amount of residues that is commonly discarded into the soil as fertilizer even with environmental risks. In this context, the aim of this study was to assess the application effects of different doses of swine wastewater (SW) associated with mineral fertilization on the abundance and diversity of organisms of soil meso- and macrofauna in two soybean crops. Treatments consisted of four doses (0, 100, 200, and 300 m3 ha−1) of SW with or without mineral fertilization in two soybean crop, totaling 24 experimental units. Soil meso- and macrofauna were sampled using pitfall traps installed at each plot. Samples were sorted and the organisms were separated and identified. The highest abundances were found between groups of springtails and spider mites. Soil meso- and macrofauna differed between soybean crops influenced by soil physical and chemical parameters. Doses of swine wastewater between 0 and 300 m3 ha−1 and mineral fertilization do not have effects on ecological indices of soil meso- and macrofauna. However, periodic applications over time change soil physicochemical variables, which may lead to negative effects in the long term.