Regulation of poly(A) RNA retention in the nucleus as a survival strategy of plants during hypoxia

<p>Last finding indicates that post-transcriptional processes are significant in low-oxygen conditions, but their nature is poorly understood. Here, we localized poly(A) RNA and mRNA coding proteins involved and not involved with resistance to hypoxia in <i>Lupinus luteus</i> and <i>Arabidopsis thaliana</i> during submergence and after recovery of aerobic conditions. We showed a strong nuclear accumulation of poly(A) RNA and 6 of 7 studied mRNAs with a concurrent strong reduction in RNA polymerase II transcription during hypoxia. In this study, the nucleus did not accumulate mRNA of the <i>ADH1</i> (alcohol dehydrogenase 1) gene, which is a core hypoxia gene. The RNA accumulation in the nucleus is among the mechanisms of post-transcriptional gene regulation that prevents translation. However re-aeration was accompanied by a strong increase in the amount of the mRNAs in the cytoplasm and a simultaneous decrease in nuclear mRNAs. This finding indicates that the nucleus is a storage site for those of mRNAs which are not involved in the response to hypoxia for use by the plants after the hypoxic stress. In this study, the highest intensity of RNA accumulation occurred in Cajal bodies (CBs); the intensity of accumulation was inversely correlated with transcription. Under hypoxia, <i>ncb-1</i> mutants of <i>Arabidopsis thaliana</i> with a complete absence of CBs died sooner than wild type (WT), accompanied by a strong reduction in the level of poly(A) RNA in the nucleus. These results suggest that the CBs not only participate in the storage of the nuclear RNA, but they also could take part in its stabilization under low-oxygen conditions.</p>