Quantification of polyphenols and flavonoid content and evaluation of anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial activities of <i>Stenocereus stellatus</i> extracts

<div><p></p><p>The hexanic, ethyl acetate and methanolic extracts from branches of <i>Stenocereus stellatus</i> were tested in both the 12-<i>O</i>-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) – induced ear oedema model and antimicrobial activity assay. The % of oedema inhibition, the Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC), as well as the polyphenolic and flavonoid content were determined. Also, extracts were analysed by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS). In TPA model, the three extracts showed moderate oedema inhibition. In the antimicrobial activity assay, methanolic extract shows better MIC against all strains. The lowest MICs were for <i>Candida albicans</i> (31 μg/mL) and <i>Rhizopus</i> sp<i>.</i> (15 μg/mL). Also, 50.78 mg eq. of gallic acid/g extract of polyphenol and 115.12 mg eq. of catequine/g extract of flavonoids content were founded in ethyl acetate extract. In the chromatographic analysis, β-sitosterol, β-amyrine, betulin and some other molecules were identified. The results show that <i>S. stellatus</i> possess antimicrobial activities against some fungus species.</p></div>