Pro-inflammatory cytokines expression of IL-1α and IL-1β, and anti-inflammatory cytokine expression of IL-10 in C. albicans treated with lichochalcone-A (62.5 μM and 150 μM), fluconazole (32 μM) (positive control), and 1% ethanol (vehicle control).

Significant decrease in IL-1α and IL-1β (*p<0.05), and an increase in IL-10 (results were not statistically significant; p>0.05) in the treated groups compared to the vehicle group. All values are expressed as normalized average expression percentages ± S.e.m (normalized based on the vehicle control groups).