Preparation and Study of 1,8-Di(pyrid-2′-yl)carbazoles
journal contributionposted on 05.09.2008 by Maria S. Mudadu, Ajay N. Singh, Randolph P. Thummel
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A series of three derivatives of 1,8-di(pyrid-2′-yl)carbazole were prepared by Stille-type coupling of 2-(tri-n-butylstannyl)pyridine with the appropriate 1,8-dibromocarbazole. The carbazoles were prepared by appropriate substitution methodologies on the parent carbazole or by palladium-catalyzed cyclization of di-(p-tolyl)amine to provide the carbazole ring system. An X-ray structure of the di-tert-butyl derivative confirmed that both pyridyl groups were oriented for favorable intramolecular H-bonding to the central N−H. Two orientations of the molecule were found in the unit cell and this observation was corroborated by two N−H stretching bands in the solid state IR. Substitution of N−H by N−D led to increased emission intensity through diminished intramolecular deactivation of the excited state. The di-tert-butyl derivative formed a tridentate complex with Pd(II), which showed a red-shifted band attributed to an intraligand charge transfer state.