Any type of content formally published in an academic journal, usually following a peer-review process.
The process of withdrawing publications is itself the inherent process of scholarly communication. The problem is how retracted publications are managed in the bibliographic database and used by researchers with citation. The increase of retraction is relevant to the reliability and reproducibility of the scientific research results. In this study, we review the main features of the retracted publications in Korea and examine how the retracted publications are managed in two frequently used bibliographic databases (Web of Science & Korea Citation Index) in Korea. Finally, we compare the times cited before and after retraction to understand how researchers cite the retracted publications.