Pollinator observations in google images

2014-06-11T18:43:34Z (GMT) by Christie Bahlai
<p>Using Google Image Search, we conducted searches for “[Plant Latin name] bee” using the list of native Michigan plants that were used in our group’s common garden studies (Table 1) (Fiedler 2006; Fiedler & Landis 2007a; Tuell et al. 2008). Images were evaluated sequentially, in the order they appeared in the search results. Images were evaluated by the following criteria: 1) each search procedure received one tally for each image containing the correct plant species, shown in bloom, and in sufficient detail such that target insect taxa could be reliably identified. 2) in the set of images where the previous condition was met, the number of images where Apis, non-Apis bees, and syrphid flies were visible were tallied and recorded. For each search procedure, photos were sequentially evaluated until 30 images meeting criterion 1 were evaluated, or until 200 images were examined. The number of images evaluated for each search was recorded. Duplicate images and close up shots of previously counted images were excluded from evaluation and not counted towards the total images searched. </p> <p>#####################################<br># variables and descriptions<br>#<br>#Plant- plant species on which observations were made<br>#<br>#BloomPeriod - bloom period of plant species, as classified by Tuell et al 2008<br>#<br>#BloomOrder- As BloomPeriod, but categorized as A, B, C, to enable alphabetical<br># sorting for creating figures<br>#<br>#ImagesSearched - Total number of search results evaluated in order to meet criteria<br># (see methods for criteria for evaluating search results)<br>#<br>#CriteriaMet- total number of images meeting criteria that were evaluated, before<br># reaching 200 search results<br>#<br>#Totinsects- total number of images meeting criteria where 'bee-like' insects were visible<br>#<br>#GoogleApis- total number of images meeting criteria where Apis bees were visible<br>#<br>#GoogleNonApis - total number of images meeting criteria where non-Apis bees were visible<br>#<br>#GoogleBees- total number of images meeting critertia where any type of bee was visible<br># (GoogleApis+GoogleNonApis)<br>#<br>#GoogleSyrphids - total number of images meeting criteria where syrphid flies were visible<br>#<br>#JuliannaNonApis- Non-apis bee counts by plant from Tuell et al 2008<br>#<br>#JuliannaRichness- Non-apis bee counts by plant from Tuell<br>#<br>#JuliannaApis - Apis bee counts by plant from Tuell<br>#<br>#JuliannaBees -total bees observed by Tuell (JuliannaApis+JuliannaNonApis)<br>#<br>#AnnaSyrphid - syrphid counts from Fielder 2006 thesis by plant<br>#<br>#####################################</p> <p> </p>