Pilot scale treatment of polluted surface waters using membrane-aerated biofilm reactor (MABR)

2017-11-08T13:40:22Z (GMT) by Yi Li Kaisong Zhang
<p>The increasing threat to human health and aquatic life caused by nitrogen pollution in surface waters requires critical attention. The membrane-aerated biofilm reactor (MABR) is a promising alternative compared to conventional technologies. In this work, a pilot-scale MABR system was employed to treat polluted surface water in continuous-flow mode. The nitrogen removal performances with the variations of the aeration parameters, hydraulic loading and C/N ratio were explored. The results showed that intra-membrane pressure plays a dominant role in improving the denitrification rate. The nitrification dynamics of the MABR system were favoured in conditions of low influent C/N ratios and hydraulic loading, but limit the denitrification process due to insufficient carbon source. A counter optimal hydraulic loading of 0.016 m<sup>3</sup>/(m<sup>2</sup> day) (hydraulic retention time of 36 h), and a corresponding increase in the influent C/N ratio was beneficial for nitrogen removal. When the influent C/N ratio was raised to a factor of 8, the total organic carbon (TOC), ammonium and total nitrogen (TN) removal efficiency could reach 80.0%, 92.2% and 60.3%, respectively. This indicated that the MABR has a potential to remove TN by simultaneous nitrification and denitrification (SND) in polluted surface water treatment.</p>