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Photoisomerization of β‑Ionone Protonated Schiff Base in the Gas Phase

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journal contribution
posted on 02.08.2016 by Neville J. A. Coughlan, Claire M. Wallace, Brian D. Adamson, Evan J. Bieske
The photoisomerization of β-ionone protonated Schiff base (BIPSB) is investigated in the gas phase by irradiating mobility-selected ions in a tandem ion mobility spectrometer with tunable radiation. Four distinguishable isomers are produced by electrospray ionization whose structures are deduced from their collision cross sections and photoisomerization behavior along with density functional theory calculations. They include two geometric isomers of BIPSB with trans or cis configurations about the polyene chain’s terminal CN double bond, a bicyclic structure formed through electrocyclization of the polyene chain, and a Z-retro-γ-ionone isomer. Although trans-BIPSB and 9-cis-BIPSB have similar photoisomerization action spectra, with a maximum response at 375 nm, they photoconvert to different isomers. The trans-BIPSB isomer transforms to the bicyclic form upon exposure to light over the 320–400 nm range, whereas the cis-BIPSB isomer is prevented by steric hindrance from forming the bicyclic BIPSB isomer following irradiation and is proposed instead to form the 7,9-di-cis isomer. Neither the bicyclic isomer nor the Z-retro-γ-ionone isomer respond strongly to near-UV light.