Phisical modalities on the functional performance in knee osteoarthritis: a sytematic review

<div><p>Abstract Introduction: Despite recent advances in the treatment of osteoarthritis (OA), few studies have evaluated the longitudinal effect of physical modalities in functional capacity in patients with knee OA. Thereby, since the physical components and pain can affect the functional performance of daily activities, the effect of these treatment’s form is still to be established. Objective: Evaluate the effectiveness of therapeutic ultrasound, electrical stimulation and phototherapy in the functional performance, in patients with knee osteoarthritis. Methods: Articles present in the PubMed, Lilacs, SciELO and PEDro’s databases were evaluated. The used keywords were “pulsed ultrasound therapy”, “ultrasound therapy”, “electric stimulation” and “low level laser therapy” in combination with “knee osteoarthritis”. Were included in this presented review, randomized clinical studies using ultrasound, electrical and laser stimulation in subjects with knee osteoarthritis. To evaluate the methodological quality of the selected studies, was used the PEDro’s scale. The dependent variables of the study were: pain, physical function, joint stiffness, life quality and functional performance. Results: 268 studies were found, of these, 41 studies met eligibility criteria and were classified for analysis in full. The used methodology in the studies varied widely, however, in most cases there was improvement in functional performance of individuals with knee OA, with the use of physical modalities, for the pulsed ultrasound, continuous ultrasound, electrical stimulation and laser resourses. Conclusion: The physical modalities used in the studies demonstrated improvement in functional performance of individuals with knee OA.</p></div>