Persistent organic pollutants in sediments of high-altitude Alpine ponds within Stelvio National Park, Italian Alps

<p>The concentrations of persistent organic pollutants (POPs), such as dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), were investigated in sediments collected in 25 high-altitude Alpine ponds within Stelvio National Park, Italy. The total PAH concentrations in the lake sediments ranged from 27.8 to 5644 ng/g dry weight (dw), with the ratio between low and high molecular weight PAHs (LMW-PAHs/HMW-PAHs) indicating inputs from both pyrogenic and petrogenic sources (mostly fossil fuel combustion). Limited concentrations of PBDEs (less than the limit of detection [LOD] to 9.9 ng/g dw), PCBs (</p>