Pattern of Uveitis in a Referral Ophthalmology Center in the Central District of Thailand

Purpose: To report the pattern of uveitis in a major ophthalmology center in the central district of Thailand.

Methods: A retrospective study was performed in uveitis cases visiting the Department of Ophthalmology at Rajavithi Hospital, Thailand, from January 2007 to October 2012.

Results: Four hundred and forty-six patients (mean age 42 years, female 53.8%) were included in the study. Uveitis was unilateral in 51.1% of cases. Anterior uveitis was the most common (44.8%) case, closely followed by panuveitis (40%), posterior uveitis (14.3%), and intermediate uveitis (0.9%). Specific diagnosis was established in 51.6% of patients. The three most common specific diagnoses were Vogt–Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease (22.4%), followed by Behçet disease (6.7%) and herpetic anterior uveitis (5.8%).

Conclusions: The most common type of noninfectious uveitis group was VKH, while herpetic anterior uveitis was the most common type of infectious uveitis in the central district of Thailand.